The area on the south-west fringe of the sprawling city of Cairo, stretching down from Giza in the north to Dahshur in the south, was once widely used by the Egyptians for their necropoleis. Based around the ancient capital of Memphis, this entire area, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, includes the remains of hundreds of different pyramids, temples, palaces and other buildings. Most of these structures can be accessed from the main sites of Giza, Abusir, Saqqara and Dahshur.
It is difficult to access these sites without a vehicle, and a convenient way to get around is to organise to hire a single taxi for an entire day (be sure to confirm full costs before booking). However, it is strongly recommended that visitors utilise the services of a pre-arranged local guide (who typically include a driver and vehicle), as there are potentially hundreds of different sites to visit, and a guide can provide local expertise on the best and most accessible areas.
At the site of Memphis, very little remains visible on the surface. Sited around the area are the remains of a number of temples and palaces, and there is an open-air museum (the Museum of Memphis) that features a range of sculptures.
Image: Egyptian Antiques, Memphis
Creator: Gérard Ducher